Friends and Patriots

33 signers of Korean Declaration of Independence launching the March First Movement demonstrations against Japanese Imperialism in 1919.

Chang Ni Ouk and Dosan in Los Angeles, 1925 | Chang Ni Ouk was one of Dosan's followers and became one of the most successful Hung Sa Dan members. He worked with Dosan in America and Korea during the Independence Movement. Chang went on to become Korea's Ambassador the the United Nations and President of Seoul National University. 

Yu Kwan Soon Prison Photo in Seoul, 1919 | She was a young teenage girl who led the March First Movement demonstrations in 1919. She was one of the strongest activists to rally the people to protest the Japanese rule of Korea. She was only 18 at the time and was arrested and imprisoned by the Japanese for her role in the anti-Japanese activities. After suffering for almost two years in a Japanese prison in Korea, she died from barbaric tortures by the Japanese savages. Today, she is considered as Korea's Jean d'arc.

Son Kee Chung had to compete under the Japanese Flag in the1936 Berlin Olympics since Korea was under the control of Japan. He won the Marathon with a Gold medal. Nam Sung Yong, another Korean running under the Japanese flag, won the Bronze medal.

Reverend David Dae Wi Lee was one of the key members of the Hung Sa Dan and  the Korean National Association. He was the editor of the Independence News and developed the first Korean character interchangeable type for printing newspaper.

Dosan and Dr. Philip Jaison (Soh Jae Pil) in Los Angeles, 1926.

Yi Kwang-su had been a man of letters more than a writer of fiction, probably the most distinguished, if controversial, Korean man of letters from the mid-1910s through the 1930s. During these years he not only produced a stream of full-length novels and short stories but also a large number of newspaper columns and powerfully argued provocative essays on some of the most critical issues of his time, such as the custom of early and arranged marriage, filial obligations, the place and rights of women in family and society, and the need for educational reform. It may indeed be the case that his writings on these issues were far more important than the body of his fiction, even though he has often been called the father of the modern Korean novel. It has been exactly 90 years since Mujông, Yi’s landmark first full-length novel, was serialized in Maeil Sinbo in 1917. And in 2005 an English version translated by Yi’s grand-daughter, Ann Sung-hi Lee, was published.

April 1919 | Philadelphia parade organized by anti-Japanese activists as a reaction to the March First Movement in Korea. This is the meeting that initiated Dosan's trip to Shanghai for him to take his role as a central figure in the Korean Provisional Government.

Pak Yong Man: Independence Movement activist and leader who campaigned for military action to defeat the Japanese. 

This picture of Yo Un Hyung, Dosan, and Cho Man Sik was taken when Dosan was released from Taejon Prison in 1935. Dosan had been arrested in Shanghai in 1932 connected to Yun Bong Kil bombing at Hongkew Park. He was sentenced by Japanese in 1932 for violating Japanese Preservation of Peace Laws.

Patriot Yun Bong Gil before throwing the bomb on the event stage for the Japanese emperor's birthday recognition in Hongkew Park, Shanghai, China in 1932.

Two soldiers